Approximately 3.3 million allegations of child abuse and neglect involving 6 million children were made to CPS agencies in 2009.
In 2009, an estimated 763,000 children were substantiated as victims of child maltreatment, a rate of 10.1 per 1,000 children in the US and Puerto Rico.
African American children, American Indian or Alaska Native children and children of multiple races had the highest rates of victimization at 15.1, 11.6 and 12.4 per 1,000 children, respectively. Hispanic children and White children had rates of 8.7 and 7.8 per 1,000 children, respectively. Asian children had the lowest rate of 2.0 per 1,000 children. Nearly one-half of all victims were White (44.0%), one-fifth (22.3%) were African American, and one-fifth (20.7%) were Hispanic.
The youngest children (from birth through age 4) were most likely to be determined to be maltreated compared to all other age groups.
An estimated 1,770 children nationally (compared to 1,720 children for FFY 2008) died from abuse or neglect. The rate per 100,000 children was 2.34 deaths for FFY 2009 compared to a rate of 2.28 for FFY 2008. Children 0–4 years old accounted for 80.8% of child fatalities. Children younger than 1 year old accounted for 46.2% of all child fatalities.
Violence often occurs against women and children in the same family. Research indicates that 50–70% of men who assault their female partners also abuse their children.
On September 30, 2009, there were 423,773 children in foster care. They spent a median of 15.4 months in foster care.
Of the children in foster care on September 30, 2009, 114,556 were waiting to be adopted. Only 57,466 children were adopted from the public foster care system in FY 2009.
States spent $25.7 billion in federal, state and local funds on child welfare programs in FY 2006. This is a 9% increase since FY 2004 after adjusting for inflation. Total spending has increased in each biennium since data have been collected (SFY 1996).
Federal and state funds increased, while local dollars remained stable. In SFY 2006, states spent $12.4 billion in federal dollars, $10.7 billion in state dollars and $2.6 billion in local dollars. Between SFY 2004 and SFY 2006, federal spending increased by 3%, state spending increased by 14%, and local spending remained virtually unchanged.